Cancer is the leading cause of death in China and a significant public health problem with increasing incidence and fatality rates. The Han nationality is the main ethnic group in China, and many reports on the epidemiology of cancers in Han nationality are published. However no studies report the cancer spectrum of Uygurs which are one of the minority nationalities in China. Hence, we present incidence and mortality numbers of different cancers for the Uygur patients for the period 2018–2020 in Hotan District where Uygur population accounts for 99 %. During the 3-year study period, 2509 new Uygur cancer cases were registered, comprising 774 men and 1735 women. Cervical cancer was the most common, followed by esophageal, breast, gastric and colorectal cancers. The most common cancers in women and men were cervical cancer and esophageal cancer, respectively. In conclusion, the cancer spectrum in Hotan is different from other regions of China and our research revealed the cancer incidence in Hotan, which could help us to take appropriate measures to reduce the incidence rate.
Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide . The Chinese cancer spectrum is transitioning from that of a developing country to that of a developed country . The incidence and mortality rates of cancer have increased in China, making it the leading cause of death since 2010 . China has many nationalities and each ethnic group has its own gathering area. Understanding the region-specific cancer spectrum and giving corresponding prevention measures is one of China’s most important public health issues.
The Uygurs mostly live in the south of Xinjiang Province, which locates in northwestern of China, and there is no report on the data of Uygur cancer incidence spectrum till now as we known. Kashgar, Hotan and Aksu Districts locate in the south of Xinjiang Province, where Uygur population accounts for more than 75 % of the national Uygur population. There are 2,504,700 Uygurs in Hotan district, accounting for more than 18 % of the Uygurs in China. The objectives of this study were: (1) to analyze the characteristics of Uygur cancer patients in Hotan District from 2018 to 2020, (2) to analyze the possible reasons for the high incidence of certain cancers, and (3) to propose measures for cancer prevention to reduce the high incidence.